The farmer Agustin Lizarraga settled down in the zone looking for fertile soil for his crops in 1900. The settlers Melchor Arteaga, Justo A. Ochoa, Gabino Sanchez, and Dr Tomas E. Peine, among others had already known about Machu Picchu.
On July 24th 1911, the professor of history Hiram Bingham climbed at the top of the Sactuary guided by the boy Juan Pablo Alvarez, son of one of the families who lived and worked the land in some of the platforms of the Sanctuary. The merit of the North American professor Hiram Bingham is that the made it to be known all over the world with the sponsorship of Yale University and the National Geographic Society.
Bingham made several excavations; and found 173 human remains, 150 of which were female. He also found ceramic and metal objects that were taken to Yale University (a total of 74 boxes) with the agreement of making copies of all the things he found and to give them back as soon as possible, as it had to be. Nevertheless, the University of Yale, where it is supposed they teach to fulfill agreements, has not given them back yet in spite of the time passed by (almost century). Of course, there are documents signed by both the Peruvian State and the mentioned university, in which they agreed to give back absolutely all the objects taken by Bingham; now, simply protecting themselves with absurd arguments, they prioritize their interests, harming and making an irreparable damage to the world, because, Machu Picchu is considered Patrimony of Humanity by UNESCO.
Today, Wonder of the World and so, all the objects found by him had to be in favor of Peru for the study and knowledge of millions of people who visit this land rich in history.