Machu Picchu is Peru’s most popular tourist attraction and one of the world’s most famous archeological sites.
In this extensive Machu Picchu facts article we have tried to distill the most interesting and fun facts about this famous city ruin, the people who built it and the region at large.
For many travelers there are few places on our wonderful planet that can compare with the majesty and mystery of Machu Picchu in Cusco, Peru– the fabled ‘Lost City of the Incas’. Perched precariously high on an intimidating mountain ridge in the Andes, the dry-stone walls of the squat buildings and step-like terraces are familiar to many the world over. The famous site, whose name means ‘Old Mountain’ in the Quechua language spoken by many of the indigenous people who live in the area surrounding it, sits a glorious 2,430 metres above sea level and overlooks the Urubamba Valley far below.
Believed by many academics to have been constructed for an Inca Emperor in the 15th century, the site is incredibly important as it was left virtually untouched by the Spanish Conquest as they moved through the region, defeating the Inca Empire in a series of bloody battles and destroying many of their cities and cultural artifacts before marching on to subjugate even more of the South America.
Such is the importance of Machu Picchu to scholars, tourists and, of course, the modern descendents of its original Inca inhabitants, that in 1983 it was pronounced a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In addition, Machu Picchu’s place in the cultural history of our planet was further emphasized by its inclusion as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007, in a global Internet poll.
After many years of anonymity to all but those living in its shadow, Machu Picchu has well and truly arrived on the world stage as a major travel destination and most tourists who visit South America will have a trip to Peru and Machu Picchu at the top of their ‘must see’ list. It is possible to visit the site both independently or as part of a Machu Picchu tour. There are also a number of other options available such as taking in the fabulous ruins as part of a larger Inca Trail tour or as just one stop in a longer hiking holiday.
In the following pages, we here at www.machupicchuhike.net will provide you with information on Machu Picchu tours, the accommodation available in the area and other places of interest in Peru. Why not bookmark this website and come back to visit us regularly for updates?
- 1 Machu Picchu Facts
- 2 Weird Machu Picchu Facts